PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS

Diabetes

Diabetes is a life-threatening condition 

  • Worldwide, 3.2 million deaths are attributable to diabetes every year.

  • One in 20 deaths is attributable to diabetes; 8,700 deaths every day; six deaths every minute.

  • At least one in ten deaths among adults between 35 and 64 years

    old is attributable to diabetes.

  • Three-quarters of the deaths among people with diabetes aged

    under 35 years are due to their condition.

Diabetes is a common condition and its frequency is

dramatically rising all over the world

  • At least 171 million people worldwide have diabetes. This figure is likely to more than double by 2030.

  • In developing countries the number of people with diabetes will increase by 150% in the next 25 years.

  • The global increase in diabetes will occur because of population ageing and growth, and because of increasing trends towards obesity, unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles.

  • In developed countries most people with diabetes are above the age of retirement, whereas in developing countries those most frequently affected are aged between 35 and 64.


A full and healthy life is possible with Diabetes 

  • Studies have shown that, with good management, many of the complications of diabetes can be prevented or delayed.

  • Effective management includes lifestyle measures such as a healthy diet, physical activity, maintaining appropriate weight and not smoking.

  • Medication often has an important role to play, particularly for the control of blood glucose, blood pressure and blood lipids.

  • Through the provision of optimal health care the risk of developing diabetic complications can be reduced substantially.

  • Helping people with diabetes to acquire the knowledge and skills to manage their own condition is central to their leading a full and healthy life.

 

In many cases, Diabetes can be prevented

  • The prevention of type 1 diabetes is not yet possible and remains an objective for the future. The prevention of type 2 diabetes has been shown to be possible and requires action now.

  • Trials have shown that sustained lifestyle changes in diet and physical activity can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. For example, the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study showed that a better diet, increased physical activity and modest weight loss could substantially reduce the development of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged adults at high risk.

  • In all the studies conducted so far in people at high risk, lifestyle changes have been substantially more effective than the use of drugs.

  • The scale of the problem requires population-wide measures to reduce levels of overweight and obesity, and physical inactivity.

  • Informed policy decisions on transport, urban design, and on food pricing and advertising can play an important part in reducing the population-wide risks of developing type 2 diabetes. 

                               

 


The Diabetes Programme - World Health Organization

The Diabetes Programme of the Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health cluster provides advice on appropriate policies and strategies for monitoring, prevention and control of diabetes. At least 171 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes; this figure is likely to more than double, to reach 366 million, by 2030. Most of this increase will occur as a result of a 150% rise in developing countries.